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An Overview of Orthotics

Within the medical field, you will find a wide array of specialties that can benefit the varying health conditions of different individuals in more ways than one. When it comes to the application, creation, and design of externally applied devices or orthoses, orthotics is the medical field that focuses on these aspects. Orthotics is a medical specialty that is a combination of anatomy, physiology, engineering, biomechanics, and pathophysiology concepts. Learn more about prosthetic arm.  Patients who require these devices are those who are suffering from the consequences of a medical condition or an injury and what to optimize the performance of these devices.

Orthoses play an essential role in the medical field of orthotics. These devices are used to modify not only the structure but also the function of the neuromuscular and skeletal systems. They can reduce weight-bearing forces, restrict movement in a particular direction, and assist with general movement. The use of orthosis also helps in immobilizing, limiting, controlling, or guiding a segment, extremity, or joint of the body. Some people must wear orthoses to provide them proper assistance from their recovery after their cast due to fracture has been removed. Learn more about prosthetics.  For other people, on the other hand, they wear these devices to correct the shape or function of their bodies, increase their ability to move easily, and reduce pain.

Generally, the creation of orthoses involves taking measurements of and tracing the affected extremity. All these processes are required to develop customized devices that properly fit the affected person. For orthoses, the use of plastic material is the most common choice. This material is essential to make a mold of the affected body part with the help of the plaster of Paris. In the present, several architectural design programs and machines are essential in the creation of different orthosis made from an array of materials such as metals, carbon fiber, thermoplastics, elastic, fabric, and even a combination of these.

An orthotist is a healthcare professional who specializes in the creation and provision of orthoses to those who require them. These health professionals need to pass the necessary licensing requirements issued by their state and country to be certified practitioners. Orthotists only create orthoses after they have received prescriptions from licensed healthcare providers. Patients need to get consultation and advice from their healthcare providers first before they can have these devices created. Healthcare professionals who can issue such a prescription include general physicians, physician assistants, chiropractors, and nurse practitioners. A physical therapist, unfortunately, has no legal authority when it comes to prescribing orthoses to their patients.Learn more from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthotics.